The performance of the 1st Marine Division in desperate circumstances had begun to command the attention of America, so hungry for heroic news at a moment when there was so little to be had. O. P. Smith captured headlines all over the country when he told correspondents who flew into Hagaru on December 4, “Gentlemen, we are not retreating. We are merely advancing in another direction.” His remark was interpreted as a magnificent defiance of reality. Yet, as he said afterward, it was also tactically accurate, as the great military historian S. L. A. Marshall perceived: “Slam was the only one who understood that what we were doing really was attacking in another direction, because you couldn’t withdraw when you were completely surrounded,” said Smith.
— General Oliver P. Smith regarding the 1st Marine Division’s retreat from Chosin Reservoir (December 4, 1950). As described by Max Hastings in The Korean War, (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1988), p. 159.
"The performance of the 1st Marine Division in desperate circumstances"